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Alpine Windharvest



Title

Alpine Windharvest. Development of information base regarding potentials and the necessary technical, legal and socio-economic conditions for expanding wind energy in the Alpine space.

Priority,Measure

3.1

Lead Partner

University of Salzburg

Lead Partner Country

Austria

Project Website

The project is finalised and you can download the results

Duration

05/2002 - 05/2005

Date of Approval

09-04-2003

Approx. Total Budget in €

998.000 €

ERDF in €

389.000 €

Project Summary

Wind power became a leading renewable energy technology in flat terrain, especially near shore. While the alpine space also promises some excellent wind locations, much of the knowledge and experience accumulated about wind power so far cannot simply be transferred to the alpine setting.The lack of experience concerns all levels of government confronted with problems of sitting, spatial planning, nature protection/environmental impact analyses, road and electric grid requirements, appropriate tariff regulation etc. The project aims at remedying these deficiencies.This lack of experience also concerns entrepreneurs, investors and even producers of equipment given the special climatic and geological conditions. This increases economic risks, inhibits site exploration and planning activities even for attractive locations. The small number of existing projects in the alpine space impedes standard procedures.Lack of experience also affects the acceptance of wind power by nature protection organisations and local residents. There is much need for additional knowledge and information; standard models for the resolution/mediation of conflicts will be usefulFor this reason, it is essential to pool the limited experience with wind power in the alpine space for synergy effects, cross-fertilisation and greater efficiency in developing data sets, methods, approaches and solutions for public and private actors, particularly since many of the underlying phenomena are trans-national while most research so far was primarily national (e.g. meteorology).A common approach will facilitate a harmonised European approach to the problems under consideration, particularly with regard to government policy.

Project Objectives

Chief objective of this project is to develop and pull together knowledge and experience essential for developing, regulating and implementing wind power, one of the most promising new sources of renewable energy in the Alps. This requires many scientific disciplines and affects all levels of government (siting, spatial planning, nature protection, environmental impact, road and grid infrastructure, and appropriate tariff regulation). It also affects entrepreneurs, potential investors, nature protection organizations and local residents. The options of wind energy in the Alps are transnational in character. Transnational co-operation between scientists and practitioners will produce synergy effects and cross-fertilization with regard to problem awareness, data sets, new approaches and solutions for government and private actors. A common approach by states and regions concerned will encourage a harmonized European approach and a common interregional strategy to implement wind power in the Alpine Space. The project supports specific site developments by providing additional regional overviews about suitable sites.

Project Achievements

Establishment and strengthening the Alpine Windharvest partner network (incl. external experts).List of all existing wind power plants in alpine region.List of de-icing technologies.Interim report on technological aspectsCost effective method of spotting potential wind energy sites in the Alps by identifying corss-Alpine channels together with a large scale wind field at the perimeter of the Alps.Report on existing wind measurement data in mountainous terrain from various local, regional and federal agencies (first reports for Styria, Vorarlberg, Switzerland).Wind map for Alpine regions (in progress).Identification of potential locations for wind turbines.Wind measurements on hot spots (interim results).Report on bird migration and possible endangered local species at the hot spot Aineck in SalzburgDevelopment of a computer simulation model from ALL to evaluate and describe noise emissions from wind turbines in Alpine space.Identification of noise zones of turbinesComputer simulation model for simulating visibility from different local points of view by Salzachwind.Paper on the different political and legal frameworks and their importance for the development of wind power in the alpine space.Country reports on legal, social, political and economic frameworks.

Project Result Files

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EU Project Partners

Amt für Luft und Lärm Bozen (Italy)
Republic of Slovenia, Ministry for environment, spatial planning and energy; Agency for efficient energy use (AURE) (Slovenia)
Rhônalpénergie-Environnement (France)
Salzachwind Erneuerbare Energie GesmbH (Austria)

Non-EU Project Partners

Suisse école (Switzerland)

Contact Person

Schmiedinger, Heinrich


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Community Initiative Programme funded by the European Regional Development Fund