Alpine cultural heritage: value and vulnerability


Alpine Cultural Heritage & Natural Hazards: where do we stand?
A framework analysis on Alpine cultural identity and natural hazards 

The Attach tool
The value of assets at risk (identity, historical value, income generation potential) is one of the main drivers in orienting decision making on safeguarding interventions. 
Based on a comparative review of available methodologies, the document “Conceptual document on the ATTACH tool design” synthetizes a reference concept and a tool for evaluating cultural heritage. 
It explains the conceptual design of the evaluation tool and describes the step-by-step protocol on how to implement it
Conceptual document on the ATTACH tool design 
The ATTACH tool (xls file)

The application on pilot areas 
Austria – The pilot site Dürnstein
France - The case of Val d’Ubaye
Germany - The case study of Markt Teisendorf
Italy - The case of the Autonomous Province of Trento
Slovenia - The case of Idrija mercury mine

Sources and methodologies for mapping Natural Hazard and Cultural Heritage in the alpine area


Knowledge base on Natural Hazard mapping in the Alpine area 
The survey gives an overview of the different mapping sources and methodology approaches for addressing the selected natural hazards such as avalanches, earthquakes, floods, forest fire, landslide, rockfall and storms by experts as well as public.
The different tools and approaches in the Countries are introduced in separate sections. 
For each examined natural hazards, different aspects related to the availability of natural hazard maps are examined: 
.coverage: national and local resources; 
.accessibility: if the access is open or restricted 
.method: if the information presented is based on events or models.

Tests and comparative analysis of Natural Hazard mapping approaches on Pilot areas 
Territories are not equally threatened by the same typology and the same number of natural hazards, intensity and probability. Thus, the pilot areas considered in the project can provide a good overview representative of the Alpine region. 
This report surveys different mapping methodologies used in or are applied on pilot site level. The availability of data on different level, may it be national or even local, and responsibilities, if available, are addressed. For the locally identified natural hazards, the usefulness and gaps are discussed and/ or identified providing insights on strengths and weaknesses of the available tools and methods.

Knowledge base on geo-spatial catalogues of Cultural Heritage in the Alpine area 
his report aims to assess the various knowledge bases on geo-spatial catalogues of cultural heritage available in the different participating countries (Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Slovenia). This assessment would serve as a starting action for future activities along the project on how these repositories might be used for e.g. training, dissemination and emergency planning purposes as well on how to organize and manage such approaches. This work examines the freely available data bases with a special focus on online-based archives and compilations of cultural assets. Naturally, different countries take different approaches to the legal possibilities for creating such archives. Likewise, the mandates, responsibilities, maintenance and funding of such undertakings vary from country to country. Thus, the individual project partners involved, together with their national observers, have tried to address and access these resources.

A technical overview on vulnerability assessment for cultural heritage assets threatened by natural hazards
This paper deals with vulnerability derivations in a quantitative framework. Such derivations are very useful for quantitative risk assessment and disaster risk management in general. First, a brief paragraph details the definition and differences between the concepts of vulnerability and fragility; then, the levels of physical fragility are described and the vulnerability quantification is highlighted. Finally, an overview of derivation methods is proposed.

The protection of the Alpine cultural heritage: approaches and techniques


Cases collection of threats and potential damages to cultural assets exposed to natural hazards 
The purpose of this document is to assess the threats and potential damage to cultural heritage exposed to natural hazards; a survey conducted at national level with the involvement of experts, literature review and analysis of relevant case histories.
The results compile a series of cases, calculating what specific damages the range of natural risks considered can produce on material cultural assets in the event of a disaster or due to adverse conditions.

The policy framework for the protection of cultural heritage in the Alps 
This deliverable aims to deepen the decision-making process, both at an institutional and operational level, the roles and responsibilities of the actors involved for the management of the protection of cultural heritage from natural risks, and of recovery following a disaster, based on what is currently established in the regulatory frameworks of the Alpine regions. An overall picture of the governance system at national level in the various countries concerned is provided, divided according to the main phases of the risk management cycle, with a critical review of the barriers and gaps.

Reference techniques for the protection and safeguarding of cultural heritage at risk 
The purpose of this document is to identify threats and potential damage to cultural heritage exposed to natural hazards. It is dedicated to the synthesis of the reference techniques for the protection of the different types of heritage elements to be safeguarded, such as buildings and artistic works. For each type of material that can constitute an artistic work, the agents of degradation linked to natural phenomena are defined. The fragility of these materials, their potential damage and their ability to be restored are evaluated.
This work, carried out in different Countries, has been collected and grouped in a dedicated tool called 3.2.1 Fragility.

The 3-2-1 FRAGILITY tool 

Test and applications on pilot areas
Test of the prototype “3.2.1 Fragility Tool” in the German pilot site 
The vulnerability and fragility assessment on the Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy 



Emergency planning and salvaging


Critical overview of Emergency Planning schemes at Alpine level
The aim of this document is to synthesize the results of an investigation aimed at making a critical comparison of the emergency planning regulations in the Alps (roles, responsibilities, involved bodies and subjects), with an analysis of the different schemes applied by competent authorities and Civil protection bodies in the field of cultural heritage protection against natural hazards.

A new concept of Civil Protection Plan
The aim of this document is to generalize the experiences on pilot areas acquired by the Cheers consortium in order to provide, in the form of an easy-to-read guideline, a synthesis of the main steps that local communities are invited to take when dealing with emergency planning for the safeguard of cultural heritage against natural hazards.

A format for Simulation Exercises
This document has been drafted after the Cheers consortium has carried out the envisaged simulation exercises aimed at testing the provisions of the Emergency Plans developed in a previous phase of the project. It provides a synthesis of the main concepts to be considered when territorial communities mean to organise a simulation exercise involving the topic of Cultural Heritage safeguard.

Simulation exercises on pilot areas
Slovenia ( watch the video of the simulation exercise carried out at the Unesco site of the Idrija Mercury Mine)