e-Mobility Smart Grid For Passengers and Last Mile Freight Transport in the Alpine Space

First Austrian Living Lab, 18.06.2020

The 1. Austrian Living Lab Stakeholder Workshop was held on the 18th of June 2020 via the online platform Webex. There were 19 participants/stakeholders in the field of public transport, local/regional energy provider, local and regional administrations, science and education, logistic operators and interest group.

After a short summary about the e-SMART project with its objectives, an energy-net simulation tool were presented by the subcontractor envelio of the Stadtwerke Klagenfurt AG. This tool showed how electrification can affect electricity networks in a defined pilot area in Klagenfurt. It can also be used and adopted for other areas. Stakeholders were very interested and it was a fruitful exchange and discussion. Then all stakeholders made statements to their expectations of the e-SMART project and the visions of their companies/organisations/administrations in the near future.

For more information please contact Nicole Jantschgi.

Second Austrian Living Lab, 03.02.2021

The 2nd Austrian Online-Regional Living Lab (RLL), hosted by the City of Klagenfurt, took place on February 3, 2021. The participants were regional stakeholders active in the fields of Local Public Transport and Last Mile Logistic.

The AIT Austrian Institute of Technology presented a market study on the use of e-vehicles in the logistic sector (LML). First, a market analysis of current and future possible electrified trucks (only battery operated) was presented. Later, an assessment was made as to how e-charging infrastructure of public transportation (LPT) can be used for daily delivery tours. The reported results are really promising! The manufacturers indicate respectable, usable ranges. Appropriate field tests are required to assess the feasibility and reliability of e-vehicles in the field. The time required for recharging the e-vehicles during delivery hours constitutes the main bottleneck for logistic operators.

Third Austrian living lab, 06.10.2021

The third Austrian Regional Living Lab was organized by the Austrian project partner City of Klagenfurt and Stadtwerke Klagenfurt AG. The meeting was held online via the webex platform.

In total there were 20 participants from following sectors: public authority, LPT, LML, Energy, science;

The meeting was divides in 2 main topics: 1st LML and 2nd LPT


Speech about the REMIHUB Project which was implemented in Vienna (Austrian National Funded Project)

Space is becoming scarce in many cities. There is often too little space available, especially for goods transport and logistics. That is why parcels have to be brought into the city from far away from the surrounding area. In RemiHub we are investigating whether and how public areas can be used as city hubs for sustainable parcel logistics.

The participating logistics found the concept good. Many questions were asked (f.e: about the business model, whether the collection of the parcels from the customer was also taken into account)

There was an interesting lively discussion on this topic.

2. Public transport:
Speech about the feasibility study due to the LPT emission-free goal by 2030. To achieve this goal, a thorough technical, financial and ecological analysis of various e-drive solution variants is a prerequisite.
As part of this study, the infrastructural framework, the possible drive variants and a systematic approach to developing a conversion concept to electric drives tailored for the City of Klagenfurt was presented.

Mr. Philipp Sinhuber, Managing Director of ebusplan GmbH, explained the procedure within the framework of the feasibility study “Decarbonization Public transport in Klagenfurt: General conditions, possible alternative drive systems, procedure "explain.

Also here there was a lively discussion. The bus fleet of the City of Klagenfurt drive of about 6 Mill. kilometers per year. Thus lead to an saving of about 2,2 liter of diesel per year!  

First French Living Lab, 18.06.2020

The living lab workshop was organized by  Pôle Véhicule du Futur and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Energy Environment Agency on June, 18th. Because of sanitary restrictions, it was an online meeting, which lasted 2 ½ hours in the morning. All the main regional stakeholders were invited to participate and 46 people got registered. At the end 23 people attended the webinar.

During the first part of the webinar, e-SMART project was presented by PVF and AURA-EE, then then national DSO Enedis made a general presentation on e-mobility and related grid issues. The participants also add the opportunity to present themselves and to mention their expectations from the living lab.

During the second half of the meeting, a collaborative brainstorming was organized, thanks to Klaxoon web tool. Participants were asked to make some proposals, through post-it notes, concerning two issues:

  • How would they dream e-mobility for public transport and last kilometer freight?
  • What are their best practices, their needs and the obstacles to avoid ?

All in all, more than 150 proposals were collected and organized according to different topics.

On the first question, people made some proposals according to the following items: fast charging, communication, digital solutions, storage and flexibility with the grid, regulation and subsidies, interoperability, environmental and economical costs, autonomous vehicles.

On the second issue, several existing good practices were listed and the main needs which were expressed were related to: regulation, training, technology, financing. The main hurdle which was identified was to keep attention to the whole impact, and not to foster e-mobility without trying to reduce also transports and energy consumptions, as a whole.

As a conclusion this workshop was an interesting first step to start mobilizing stakeholders on e-SMART issue. Some minutes were sent to all the registered people, as well as a short additional e-form. These stakeholders will keep being informed and associated to the upcoming activities of e-SMART living lab.

For more information please contact Noémie Poize.

Second French Living Lab, 25.11.2020

Within the framework of the European project e-SMART AURA-EE, Pôle Véhicule du Futur and CARA (competitiveness cluster in AURA region) organized a workshop to allow actors of urban logistic to share their difficulties towards the development of electric mobility. This event was also supported by the regional institutions in relation with the regional roadmap on e-mobility which is being presently worked out.

This webinar gathered about 40 participants and began with testimonies from Urby company (urban logistics system for optimizing deliveries) and the Megevand Frères transport company. After their experience in electrifying a few vehicles, both agreed that significant difficulties still exist. They observed that, in some cases, they needed to buy more vehicles when they were “green” because of their limited autonomy and their limited capacity. At the end, higher costs were generated for the company both for buying and operating the vehicles. Moreover, local authorities propose sparse infrastructures for speed charging on their territories, which make it hard to plan a charge within the schedule of a daily round. LML actors were also afraid that the distribution network, especially in winter might be unable to provide enough power, but DSOs are quite confident on that issue. Finally, environmental regulations preventing heavy trucks to enter the city center don’t take into consideration field reality, as the multiplication of light commercial vehicles (with small containers) for last-mile logistics would be unproductive and deleterious. In some cases (ex : delivery of a supermarket) heavy trucks are the best transport solution and already optimize the environmental impact whereas in other cases (small package delivery) light vehicles might be more adapted. And electric mobility, by the moment, is only suitable for light vehicles…Thus, a strong need for consultation between actors in the field was highlighted.

In a second phase, a participative time was organized on the online collaborative tool Klaxoon, in order to collect ideas from participants. At first, they expressed their vision of constraints to the development of electric mobility in urban areas:

  • Extra operating costs that will likely beg supported by final customer or companies;
  • Unsuitable equipment with insufficient vehicle carrying capacity and autonomy as well as not enough fast charging infrastructures on the territory;
  • Need to adapt the organization of delivery circuits according to the type of vehicle which is used (light commercial vehicle versus heavy trucks).

In response to these issues, participants also identified levers to develop electric mobility within urban areas:

  • Reduce operating costs with aids and adapted regulatory constraints;
  • Improve autonomy of electric vehicles and develop the network of charging facilities : in strategical areas for public high power stations and in company premises for night slow charging when the company has no time to charge during the daily round and do not need too much autonomy;
  • Reorganization and optimization of delivery plans, by distinguishing massified flows/distributed flows that could be carried out by light-duty vehicles and therefore provide them with electric means as well as not ban heavy vehicles from city centers (with a proper local regulation).

Third French Living Lab, 15.12.2020

Following the previous workshop on electric mobility focused on constraints and levers, this workshop aimed at proposing concrete actions. Three sub-groups were created to allow participants to discuss identified topics:

In order to distinguish traffic flows that must remain massive for greater efficiency from those that could be supported by electrified light-duty vehicles, some actions were proposed during the 1st sub-session on the reorganization and optimization of delivery plans:

  • Consultation between public and private actors for the implementation of urban travel plans in local authorities, by relying on the experience of economic players;
  • Mapping incoming and outgoing traffic flows;
  • Simulations and experiments to identify the optimal balance point between massification and distribution of traffic flows (calculation of the economic and environmental footprint);
  • Rationalize high-volume flows and develop new delivery solutions (deposits, relay points);
  • Adapt the urban infrastructure (hubs…).

In response to the direct and indirect costs generated by the shift of a fleet towards electric mobility and to prevent companies from getting into financial debt, participants to the 2nd session on reducing operating costs with aids and regulatory constraints proposed following solutions:

  • Accompany and advise companies in the steps towards electric mobility, help them in economic and logistic planification;
  • Study and propose solutions to solve problem of access to city center, on a larger scale than just the last-mile logistics by taking into account peri-urban and rural territories;
  • Implement public/private governance for the logistical and regulatory conception of freight transport, in order to adapt financial aids to the reality of requested investment.

Facing the lack of autonomy of the vehicles and need for more fast charging, participants to the 3rd session on how to improve autonomy of electric vehicles and develop the network of charging facilities imagined suggestions:

  • Avoid high autonomy and fast charging batteries whenever possible, since it decreases the lifetime of the battery
  • Consider charging by cateners on motorways for heavy trucks covering long-distance trips
  • Propose private charging station solutions for companies to allow slow night-time recharging.
  • Mesh territories with quick charging stations for vehicles who might need it, and choose the most strategical location to install them.

Finally, those workshops allowed actors to insist on their need of cooperation between private and public sectors and also on the necessity to keep having a multi-energy vision (electric mobility for msall vehicles, other solutions like NGV for heavy trucks…). In addition, those webinars have enabled participants to remind the importance to associate the production of renewable energy with the electricity consumption of future vehicles, to provide a well-balanced electricity supply.

Fourth French Living Lab, 22.04.2021

The workshop took place on April 22nd, 2021 and gathered 74 participants. It was organized by PVF and AURA-E, French partners of e-SMART, together with CEREMA (national study center on risks, environment and mobility) and Low Carbon Logistics (private consulting company), under the topic of "Sustainable logistics, tools and solutions to implement".

The first part of the meeting was dedicated to the introduction on e-SMART project and a presentation of the worldwide context by a research expert from University Gustave Eiffel.

The second part of the meeting was dedicated to testimonies both from private and public stakeholders. The METRO of Grenoble described their approach on sustainable logistics since 2015, ULS company presented an innovative delivery service in Strasbourg based on waterway transport and cargo-bikes. The last testimony was from the national federation of logistics transports in France.

The last part of the meeting was devoted to the presentation of the INTERLUD service. This mechanism is new in France and supports the implementation of sustainable charts for logistics, both for municipalities and private companies. The technical support which is offered is financed by Certificates of Energy Savings.

Fifth French Living Lab 15.10.2021

The workshop took place on October 15th, 2022 and gathered about 10 participants. It was organized by PVF and AURA-EE, French partners of e-SMART.

The goal of this meeting was to discuss and validate the project deliverables with a selected number of stakeholders

The fist part was dedicated to the challenges identified and actions proposed for the development of electric mobility in general.

Then the second part dealt with Territorial needs and gaps.

Finally, during the last part of the exchange we discussed the operational measures for France in e-SMART’s roadmap.

The content was very dense and there was a lot of information to deliver but the participants were happy to exchange and give their feedback.

First German Living Lab, 23.04.2020

Despite the COVID-19 restrictions, making physical meetings of larger groups impossible at the moment, the county of Munich decided to start the regional living lab with a first virtual meeting. The webinar, held on April 23rd, brought together the German partners, e-SMART observers and a few interested stakeholders.

Organized as a virtual meet and greet, the participants had a chance to get to know the organisations and actors they will work with in the upcoming months, within the German Regional Living Lab (RLL). The Regional Living Labs are work spaces, in which needs and demands for the integrated planning of e-mobility in local public transport and freight logistics will be elaborated and discussed.

In order to allow for a fruitful discussion in the next weeks and months, the participants divided themselves into two groups representing the foci of e-SMART: Local public transport and Last-mile logistics.

The presentation given during the webinar is available here (in German). Any questions may be sent to Sarah Zaiss of the county of Munich.

Any interested municipalities and stakeholders are welcome to join the upcoming meetings of the RLL.

Living Labs will also be organized within our Alpine countries, such as Austria, Slovenia, France and Italy. For more information on how to participate, contact Bruno Grandjean.

Second German Living Lab, 15.12.2020

The 2nd German Regional Living Lab took place as an online event on December 15, 2020. 23 stakeholders, project observers and project partners participated in the meeting. In the first part, Sarah Zaiss from the County of Munich updated the participants on the current development of the e-SMART project. Furthermore, the participants were asked to answer the following two survey questions:

1) In which area do you currently see the most need for action / opportunities for projects within the framework of e-SMART?
a. Electrification of last mile logistics (focus on regional transport) (2 votes)
b. Electrification of public transport (2 votes)
c. Digitization of cities and municipalities / smart city projects (0 votes)
d. Charging infrastructure (4 votes)
e. Cooperation between all sectors (3 votes)

2) How the e-SMART Regional Living Lab can best serve your needs?
a. Via a transnational network
b. Through a regular exchange of information (5 votes)
c. Via expert opinions and scientific analyses (4 votes)
d. About pilot projects / cooperation (5 votes)

The second part of the meeting started with an introduction of all participants. This was followed by an open exchange. Topics discussed included charging infrastrucutre (e.g. who is responsible for the installation, where are the best locations, how can infrastructure get connected), cross-company vehicle pools, energy-related issues (such as grid infrastructure, smart charging and the problem of expensive peak loads during daytime) as well as the the problem of knowledge gaps between experts and the public. Within the discussions, possible topics for the next Regional Living Labs were collected (including exchange between municipalities regarding charging stations, the connection of charging infrastructure, the sort and rank of charging solutions and the managing of expensive daytime peak loads).

Third German Regional Living Lab 21.09.2021

Within the framework of the EU project e-SMART, the four German project partners ClimateAlliance, Landkreis München, University of Kempten and ITALCAM, organised on 21 September 2021 the third stage of the series of events "Regional Living Labs".

Philipp Kosok from the think tank Agora Verkehrswende gave an exhaustive presen