OpenSpaceAlps

Sustainable development of alpine open spaces by enhancing spatial planning governance

Scientific & professional publications

Scientific & professional publications produced by the project partners or otherwise relevant for the OpenSpaceAlps topic will be listed here.

Open Spaces in Alpine Countries: Analytical Concepts and Preservation Strategies in Spatial Planning

Abstract

Open spaces in the Alps are becoming noticeably scarcer, and the long-term consequences for humans and the environment are often overlooked. Open spaces preserve ecosystem services but are under pressure in many Alpine valleys due to demographic and economic development as well as corresponding technical and tourism infrastructure. This article conceptualizes and measures open spaces in Alpine environments. In addition to analyzing existing spatial planning instruments and the open spaces resulting from 2 of them—the Bavarian Alpenplan in Germany and the Tyrolean Ruhegebiete in Austria—we identify open spaces in Switzerland using a geographic information system. More generally, we discuss how spatial planning deals with open spaces. Results show that both the Alpenplan and the Ruhegebiete have contributed significantly to the protection of open spaces in the Bavarian and Tyrolean Alps since the 1970s. Indeed, both approaches prevented several development projects. In the Swiss Alps, open spaces cover 41.9% of the Alpine Convention area. A share of 40.3% vegetation-free open spaces shows that they are concentrated in high alpine areas. Of the open spaces identified, 64.6% are covered by protected areas. Hence, about one third of the open spaces still existing in the Swiss Alps need preservation, not only for ecological connectivity reasons but also to preserve them for generations to come. We conclude that different sectoral approaches for the conservation of open spaces for people and natural heritage in the Alps and other high mountain ranges should be better coordinated. In addition, much more intensive cross-border cooperation in spatial development and planning is needed to preserve open spaces throughout the Alpine arc

Job, H., Willi, G., Mayer, M., & Pütz, M. (2020) Open Spaces in Alpine Countries: Analytical Concepts and Preservation Strategies in Spatial Planning. Mountain Research and Development, 40(3). https://doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-20-00016.1

Open Spaces in the European Alps—GIS-Based Analysis and Implications for Spatial Planning from a Transnational Perspective

Abstract

This article presents an open space concept of areas that are kept permanently free from buildings, technical infrastructure, and soil sealing. In the European Alps, space is scarce because of the topography; conflicts often arise between competing land uses such as permanent settlements and commercial activity. However, the presence of open spaces is important for carbon sequestration and the prevention of natural hazards, especially given climate change. A GIS-based analysis was conducted to identify an alpine-wide inventory of large-scale near-natural areas, or simply stated, open spaces. The method used identified the degree of infrastructure development for natural landscape units. Within the Alpine Convention perimeter, near-natural areas (with a degree of infrastructural development of up to 20%) account for a share of 51.5%. Only 14.5% of those areas are highly protected and are mostly located in high altitudes of over 1500 m or 2000 m above sea level. We advocate that the remaining Alpine open spaces must be preserved through the delimitation of more effective protection mechanisms, and green corridors should be safeguarded through spatial planning. To enhance the ecological connectivity of open spaces, there is the need for tailored spatial and sectoral planning strategies to prevent further landscape fragmentation and to coordinate new forms of land use for renewable energy production.
 
Job, H.; Meyer, C.; Coronado, O.; Koblar, S.; Laner, P.; Omizzolo, A.; Plassmann, G.; Riedler, W.; Vesely, P.; Schindelegger, A. Open Spaces in the European Alps—GIS-Based Analysis and Implications for Spatial Planning from a Transnational Perspective. Land 2022, 11, 1605. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091605

Trajnostni razvoj odprtega prostora v Alpah z izboljšanjem načrtovanja in upravljanja – rezultati projekta OpenSpaceAlps

Abstract - slovenian

V prispevku predstavljamo ključne rezultate projekta OpenSpaceAlps – Trajnostni razvoj odprtega prostora v Alpah z izboljšanjem načrtovanja in upravljanja. Projekt sofinancira program Interreg V B za Območje Alp. Prostorsko se nanaša na alpski prostor in na območje, ki ga zajema EUSALP – Strategija EU za alpsko regijo. V izvajanje projekta je vključenih šest partnerjev iz Avstrije, Francije, Italije, Nemčije in Slovenije. Partner iz Slovenije je Urbanistični inštitut Republike Slovenije. Poglavitni cilj projekta OpenSpaceAlps je prispevati k trajnostnemu razvoju alpskega prostora z ohranjanjem okoljsko in naravno visoko vrednih delov odprtega prostora. V alpskih dolinah se obseg odprtega prostora zmanjšuje zaradi širjenja naselij in prometnih površin, na višje ležečih območjih pa ta prostor pogosto razvrednotijo infrastrukture, povezane z gozdarsko, kmetijsko in turistično dejavnostjo. V projektu si prizadevamo spodbuditi procese, ki vodijo k uvajanju novih pristopov v prostorskem načrtovanju v alpskih državah, in za jačanje upravljanja s prostorom na transnacionalni ravni.

GULIČ, Andrej, PRAPER, Sergeja, KOBLAR, Simon. Trajnostni razvoj odprtega prostora v Alpah z izboljšanjem načrtovanja in upravljanja : rezultati projekta OpenSpaceAlps. Urbani izziv. Posebna izdaja. 2022, št. 14, str. 27-36, ilustr. ISSN 2232-481X. https://www.urbaniizziv.si/Portals/urbaniizziv/Clanki/2022/uizziv-20221-S_02.pdf. [COBISS.SI-ID 116076547]

AlpPlan position paper

The position paper contains assessments and recommendations related to key spatial challenges of transnational relevance in the Alpine region. It generally refers to the entire Alpine macroregion (EUSALP perimeter). However, some issues are particularly relevant to the core Alpine area, defined by the Alpine Convention perimeter. The paper is addressed to spatial planners, decision makers and all stakeholders involved in sustainable territorial development of the Alpine region. The specific circumstances, spatial planning systems and instruments in the various Alpine states and regions differ to some extent. Therefore, the recommendations should always be interpreted in the respective national, regional or local context.

ARL – Academy for Territorial Development in the Leibniz Association (Ed.) (2022):
Safeguarding open spaces in the Alpine region.
Hanover. = Positionspapier aus der ARL 133.
URN: http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0156-01339